How does KONOS compare  to a traditional scope and sequence?

Public and private schools are “married” to the traditional scope and sequence, because every year and every subject has a new and different teacher.  The 4th grade teacher needs to know what the 2nd and 3rd grade teachers have already covered; therefore, it is imperative for public and private schools to use a scope and sequence to keep track of what has been taught and what needs to be taught.        

Home school, on the other hand, does not change teachers from year to year or from subject to subject.  Since the teacher stays the same, it makes it far easier to rearrange when various subjects are taught.  Naturally, certain subjects, such as math, must be taught very sequential.  Other subjects, however, such as history, art, literature, science, etc. do not necessarily need to be taught precept upon precept but rather can be arranged according to availability of experts, field trips, seasons, personal interests, etc. 

Because one of the main goals of KONOS is the building of families, we try to teach as much as possible in a unit to all of the children at once.  Looking at a normal scope and sequence, KONOS erased the grade levels and replaced them with character traits.  We then cut up the various subjects in a traditional scope and sequence and placed them under the character trait that they best exemplified, such as states and regions is under the character trait of Cooperation, because the states have to cooperate with each other and kings and queens is under the character trait of Obedience because subjects have to obey the king and queen.  KONOS covers the same material that a traditional scope and sequence would cover except in an order that is related to character traits and not grades.

State Scope and Sequence
Subjects History Science Art Music Bible Geog. Drama/Speech Math Phonics Grammar Spelling
K Peoples Plant Life Sense Aware Listening None City/County   counting ABC's N/A N/A
1st City Gov't Animal Classification Sense Aware Listening None People Humans   Addition Sounds Capitals Book I
2nd Groups 5 Senses Media Listening None World Cult   Add/Sub Homonyms Sentences Book II
3rd Town/Com Machines Oral Speaking Dance None Local   Multiply N/A Paragraphs Book III
4th State History Cells Drama Singing None US   Division N/A Reports Book IV
5th Nations Air Pressure For plays Instruments None Wash DC   Long Div N/A Quotations Book V
6th Cultures Hum Anatomy Playwriting Orchestra None World Cult   Graphs N/A Papers Book VI
7th Current Affairs Earth Science Media Ethnic None World   Percents N/A Footnotes Book VII
8th American History Creation/Evolution Differ. Media Harmony None N. America   Pre Alg N/A Gerunds Book VIII


KONOS' Scope and Sequence

Subjects History Science Art Music Bible Geog. Drama/Speech
Obedience Medieval Light Coat of Arms Minstrels Prov 6:20-22 Europe Medieval Feast
Obedience Horses Horse Breeds Drawing/Painting Cowboy Songs Prov 6:20-22 Cowboy Trials Cowboy Cookout
Honor US Immigrants Construction Tabernacle Ethnic Deut 6:5 Mediterranean Passover
Wisdom Constitution Animal Instinct Block Prints Patriotic Songs Prov 12:15 East US Constitution Play
Attentiveness Indians, West. Expans. Human Senses, Birds Indian Crafts Indian Dances I Sam 3 American Tribes Indian Night
Attentiveness Westward Expansion Birds, Sound Sketching  Orchestra I Sam 3 West US Orchestra Production
Orderliness Aristotle Animal Class., Solar Sys. Costumes/Puppets Hymns Ps. 95 None Animals Play
Stewardship Occupation  Ecology Make Bank Hymns Col 3:17 City Career Night
Stewardship Africa Savannah/Jungle Animals Animal Sculpting African Music Col 3:17 Africa Africa Safari Night
Responsibility Settlers Early Craftsmen Stitchery/Tinsmith Pilgrim Songs Prov. 6:6-9 Settlements Thanksgiving Feast
Courage Rev. War Fire/Heat Soldier Uniform Yankee Doodle Dan 3 Battlefields Rev. War Reenactment
Endurance Russia Rockets, Space Race Russian Ballet Matt 24:13 Asia Nutcracker
Patience Farming Plant Life Plant Drawing Collage Harvest Songs I Cor 3:1-11 Farm Regions Plant Exposition
Honesty Famous Newsmen Printing, Xerox Machines Political Cartoons, Advertising None Prov 12:17 Local Publish Newspaper
Self-Control Lives of Singers and Poets None Calligraphy Rounds, Harmony Gal 5:22-23 None Poetry Reading
Cooperation States, Regions, Towns, Community Systems of the Body American Crafts Harmony, Regional Songs  Rom 12 US US Play
Determination Great Feats/Expeditions Construction, Bridges, Dams, Canals, Atoms Mechanical Drawing Work Songs Phil 4:13 Great Feat Locations None
Trust Great Pilots and Sailors Air Pressure, Water, Hydraulics Painting, Drawing Flying Songs Prov 3:5 Ship/Plane Destinations/Routes None
Bible Times Sheep Spinning, Weaving Harp/Flute David's Life Middle East Crafts Demo
Resourcefulness Industrial Revolution Electricity, Magnetism, Simple Machines, Energy Woodworking Work Songs Gen 3 US Inventor Reports
Frontier Life Medicinal Herbs Carving, Quilting Pioneer Songs Ps 37:3 US Pioneer Hoedown
Inquisitiveness Explorers Astronomy, Navigation Rope Tying, Rope Art Sailing Songs Ps. 19 New World Explorers Night
Early scientist Earth Science, Weather, Pendulums Water Painting Rhythm, Tempo Prov 18:15 Map Skills Scientist Night

Not in KONOS (*Covered in KONOS)

Subjects Math Phonics Grammar Spelling
K counting ABC's N/A N/A
1st Addition Sounds  Capitals Book I
2nd Add/Sub Homonyms Sentences* Book II
3rd Multiply N/A Paragraphs* Book III
4th Division N/A Reports* Book IV
5th Long Div N/A Quotations Book V
6th Graphs N/A Papers* Book VI
7th Percents N/A Footnotes Book VII
8th Pre Alg N/A Gerunds Book VIII

What subjects does KONOS cover?
Practical Living
Field Trips
Critical Thinking
Social Studies
* No spelling, phonics, upper level grammar, or math

What units are covered in each KONOS volume?

Ears/Eyes/Other Senses
Sound/Music/Frontiersman/ Indians
Tracking & Trapping

Kings and Queens
Crime and Punishment

Animal Classification
Plant Classification
Rock Classification


Plant growth/Gardening
Human Birth/Growth
Animal Birth/Growth

Managing Time and Money

Attributes of God/Hymns
Pottery and Sculpture
Cathedral/Church Architecture


Scientist/Scientific Method

Pet Care
American Settlers
Colonial America

Valentines Day

New Testament Men
Modern and Fictional Men
American Revolution

Proverbs/Old Testament
U.S. Constitution
Electoral Process



Systems of the Body
States and Regions

Olympics and physical skills
Great feats/Expeditions
Atomic research


Self Control

Frontier Life
Inventions/Simple Machines
Industrial Revolution


What is a typical KONOS schedule?


Reading from KONOS unit.
Writing from KONOS unit.
Math of your choice.
Workbooks of your choice for language arts or spelling or phonics.


Several of the following subjects are included:

Bible/Character Science
History Literature
Arts/Crafts Writing
Music Critical Thinking
Drama Practical Living
Geography Health/Safety
Social Studies Field Trips


What is the Philosophy of KONOS?

5 D's Philosophy of KONOS
DO... to Capture Attention

In response to the current problem of lowered academic proficiency, there is a trend in education that is a departure from traditional educational practice. The trend is toward introducing abstract learning concepts at an even earlier age. The assumption is that, by introducing certain abstract concepts earlier to children, those concepts will be learned better. But earlier does not equal better. Head Start and other pilot projects have demonstrated this. Children have not become better readers by introducing the alphabet earlier, they have not used mathematics better by introducing drill cards earlier, and they have not become better writers by completing language workbooks earlier.

While agreeing that older children today are less proficient in abstract skills than in previous years, the KONOS solution to this problem is different. We choose to raise the age of abstract skill development instead of lowering it and to use these earlier years to provide more concrete, real-life, hands-on, multi-sensory experiences. Providing concrete experiences with much manipulation of tangible objects over a prolonged time in a real environment is the only demonstrated way to develop abstract skills.

When Carole’s son, Carson, was three-years-old, he was learning the concept of the number 5 by setting the table with five spoons, five forks, five knives, five plates, etc. Later, when he was introduced to the symbol 5, it had real meaning. At the same time, Carole’s five-year-old son was comprehending the meaning of addition by manipulating match box cars. Although he could not perform on command 5+4=9, and he was still referring to tangible objects like cars, blocks, or fingers when he made his calculations, he understood the concept of addition. Eventually, children wean themselves away from concrete experiences to abstract thinking.

KONOS is a hands-on curriculum filled with concrete activities to do. Our curriculum puts life into learning through experiential activities. We have admittedly overemphasized experiential learning in hopes of bringing the educational "see-saw" back in balance. While we do subscribe to the necessity of seatwork and drill work, we do not consider these to be the major emphasis of true education.


DISCOVER... to Foster Thinking

We believe that a concept must first be understood to be mastered. Any child can memorize. Since he enjoys repetition, he will easily recite whatever he is assigned—the alphabet, math drill cards, or The Declaration of Independence. The question is not whether a child can memorize proficiently. The question is whether by doing this he gain mastery of a concept.

Consider the following examples. By memorizing the chronology of presidents, will the child better understand what a president is? By memorizing the Twenty-third Psalm, will the child better understand the relationship between a shepherd and the Lord? By practicing fraction drill cards, will be better understand the concept of fractions? True understanding of a concept prepares the child for mastery; mastery (i.e. memory and other refinement skill) does not promote understanding. The development of true understanding requires active, personal, mental involvement such as imagining, generalizing, comparing, and evaluating plus time to do all these things. The child needs freedom to explore his environment.

While baking with Jessica, Jason, at five years of age, discovered fractions by measuring volumes of flour. His response was, "Oh, I see, 4/4’s equals a whole cup and 3/3’s equals a whole cup." This did not mean, however, that Jason had mastered fractions. He merely understood the concept, but the mastery of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division would come later. Education is more than merely learning information; it is the development of critical thinking skills, true reasoning ability. This is why KONOS includes activities conducive to discovery techniques. We encourage the child to figure things out on his own.

While studying the character trait of Attentiveness, we visit the zoo aviary to observe birds, being attentive to their distinctive beaks and feet. The children reasoned that birds with short, fat beaks eat nuts and grains, whereas birds with long, skinny beaks usually eat fish. In the Patience Unit when making bakers’ hats, we could have merely demonstrated to our children how to make a baker’s hat.. To be more challenging, we could have given them a pattern for making their own baker’s hat. But wanting to stretch their reasoning muscles, we showed them a picture of a baker’s hat and asked them to figure out how to make one.

Does it take longer to teach in this way? Yes. Is it worth it? Yes. Dictatorships are always more efficient, but they do not produce creative, reasoning people. They stifle creativity and reasoning.


DRAMATIZE... to Visualize

Children do not soon forget Daniel Boone, if they have donned a coonskin cap and tracked animals while studying westward expansion, or Thomas Jefferson, if they have worn a white wig and written parts of the The Declaration of Independence with a quill. And blindness becomes a reality after a day spent blindfolded and writing in Braille. To live it is to remember it.

After a child has read a particular work, his ability to recreate that work through drama fosters several skills. First, it tests his memory of what was read with all its details. Second, it tests his ability to communicate effectively what he read to another person. And, third, it tests his understanding of the meaning of what he read as he adds inflections, emphasis, gestures, and dramatic actions to enact the story. Dramatizing not only allows the child to visualize what he has just read, but it reinforces the meaning and understanding of it as well.

DIALOGUE... to Internalize

Certainly parents, not textbooks, are the best teachers. KONOS helps parents talk effectively with their children during activities. Dialogue internalizes truths while strengthening family relationships.

If homeschooling parents merely make and grade their children’s assignments, without dialoguing and discussing with their children, how can true knowledge be imparted? The goal of Christian education is to train the heart as well as the head. It is through the dialogue between mentor and pupil that both head knowledge and heart knowledge are imparted.

Many homeschooling parents today are opting to be mere graders of their children’s school work. Others, farther down the road, consider themselves tutors of their children. But the real goal of homeschooling parents should be to mentor and model to their children. The distinction between a tutor and a mentor is this: a tutor teachers through a casual relationship, instructing the student in head knowledge and occasionally challenging him with questions; a mentor, on the other hand, models rather than teaches through an intimate relationship, rather than a casual relationship, and shares himself as he gives counsel for the head as well as the heart by asking challenging questions.

Too many parents are obsessed with the amount of facts their children can spew forth and how many workbooks they have completed, rather than their ability to think, reason, and discern. Dialogue builds thinking, reasoning, and discernment. Jane M. Healy, Ph.D., in her book, Endangered Minds, claims, "Conversation builds the executive brain." Certainly our children are worthy of executive brains.


DRILL... to Crystallize

KONOS crystallizes learning through games like "Guess What King I Am" in the Obedience unit, service opportunities like reading to the elderly in the Patience unit; creative expression projects like publishing a newspaper in the Honesty unit; and show-and-tell nights like the culminating Medieval Feast in the Obedience unit. While having fun, children learn, practice, and best of all, retain.

When we began homeschooling, we encountered many homeschooling parents who related their daily routine to us. We were astounded to find a great number of homeschoolers who went on field trips every other day. They had one experience after another. While KONOS is a proponent of experiential, hands-on learning, it is clear that experiences without wrap-up are nothing more than confusion or a hodge-podge of learning.

Jessica recognized this first-hand when, as a public school teacher, she had an opportunity to take part in the initiation of a hands-on, experiential science program in the public school where she taught. She felt this program was the answer to the children’s lack of understanding of physical science. After teaching the course for four months, she was ready to pull out her hair. It finally dawned on her that, while the hands-on lab learning setting captivated the children’s attention, the program had no built-in wrap-up, where data could be compared and contrasted. Without the wrap-up of drill experience loses its punch.


How do I keep track and make sure I cover everything?

Units are undoubtedly the best way to teach students, so they retain what is taught; however, they can be a book keeping nightmare for the parent/teacher.  In truth, real record keeping for the purpose of college does not begin until the 9th grade.  Parents who are concerned about SATs should calm their fears by realizing there are really only two areas that the SATs cover…verbal (English/grammar/vocabulary) and nonverbal (math).

Original KONOS covers the “gravy of education”.  By that, we mean it does not cover either of the areas that appear on the SAT directly.  If you refer back to a typical daily schedule for teaching KONOS, you will see that the morning time is spent in covering the BASICS, known as the 3R’s…reading, writing, and arithmetic.  This is essentially what the SAT covers.  What KONOS does is direct you to great literature, suggests writing assignments, and build vocabulary, and critical thinking skills that contribute greatly to high SAT scores and confidence and competency in life. 

To keep track of the math and language arts, The KONOS Compass has from grade K-8 check lists to alert you of all that needs to be covered grade level by grade level.

The Compass also contains planning sheets that can be Xeroxed and KONOS In-A-Box contains planning sheets within the curriculum for each week.

Sample Compass Page


However, the New Classic KONOS units such as Obedience and Orderliness do analyze literature and teach writing. Below is a KONOS In-A-Box Sample Planning sheet. This sheet is available in both the Orderliness and Obedience Curriculum. There is one page for each week.